Inquisitive scientists have discovered so much more about the elements of the periodic table. With the advancement of science and technology, nanoparticles are being produced from those elements. Nanoparticles are the tiny objectives ranging from 1 to 1100nmin size. These nanoparticles differ from their elemental bulk version. They are of particular interest for research and industrial uses because of the unexpected but promising properties and widely used in optical applications, as catalysts, in imaging, medical applications, energy-based research, and medical applications.